Garden street in Vienna, Austria -  Population Surge in Austria Garden street in Vienna, Austria -  Population Surge in Austria


Migration and Aging Drive Population Surge in Austria


Austria has seen a noticeable increase in its population in recent years. Immigration and ageing populations are the two main causes of this increase. According to the 2021 Census by Statistics Austria, the nation's long-term trends are stable, with its residents continuing to live in smaller homes, pursue higher education and value job mobility.

According to census data, there are an astonishing 1,829,824 foreign-born residents in Austria, having student or work visas, etc. They make up a significant 20.4% of the country's overall population. The country's general population growth has been greatly aided by this immigration inflow, which has increased economic and cultural variety.

Additionally, there are 1.4 million people who are of foreign birth, or 24.8% of Austria's working population. Immigration is a crucial element in Austria's changing demographics since it has contributed to economic growth and filled labour market gaps by bringing in talented immigrants from other nations.

Ageing Population Presents Challenges and Opportunities

The ageing population in Austria is a significant factor in the country's population increase. According to census data, 19.4% of the population is over the age of 65, demonstrating an ageing trend that presents both opportunities and challenges for the nation.

The average age among Austrians is 43.2 years old, increased from 41.8 years in 2011. The need for a more seasoned and skilled workforce is increased by an ageing population, which may put a strain on the healthcare and pension systems. Austria's sustainable development must take into account the promotion of active ageing and the creation of measures to assist the aged.

The results of the census show a change in Austrian home dynamics. While the average number of people residing in a household has declined to 2.19 people in 2021, the number of private households has increased by 10.4% from the 2011 Census. 

Smaller homes are becoming more prevalent, which is probably affected by urbanisation, shifting family dynamics, and a rise in the number of young adults living independently.

Moreover, in past years, Austria has made notable advancements in the field of education. According to census data, in the 1970s, 30.9% of people over the age of 15 had an apprenticeship diploma. Today, women make up 54.1% of those with a degree, making up the majority of degree holders.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQS)

Which nations make up the majority of immigrants to Austria?

Along with non-European nations like Turkey, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Serbia, some of the major countries of origin for immigrants include close-by European nations like Germany, Hungary, Slovakia, and the Czech Republic.

What effects does Austria's ageing workforce have on the labour market?

An ageing workforce may cause a declining labour pool and a potential lack of competent workers. Austria may need to encourage older persons to continue working for longer while developing inclusive, age-diverse workplaces in order to address this issue.


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